Catherine Flick: Publications, Media, and Thoughts

This paper is a comprehensive analysis of NFTs according to the Association of Computing Machinery (ACM) Code of Ethics and Professional Practice. I have been wanting to write a paper like this for quite a while and then it took quite a while – in the wild world of crypto everything moves very quickly. I even had to rewrite the paper drastically after reviews came in because Ethereum went proof-of-stake, completing “the Merge” that had been vapourware for so long. Anyway, I finished it after months of research, hundred of references, and thousands of words of writing, just before going on maternity leave – and here we are.

The key messages are that NFTs are currently unethical to implement.

The ethical issues that arise [...] include issues of harm, well-being, discrimination, fairness, intellectual property rights, privacy, quality of work, competence of those involved, legal issues, the ability to give and receive critical review, lack of education for users, personal gain over public good, security, maintenance and end-of-life for NFT ecosystems, and ensuring the public good is the key concern when developing, deploying, and maintaining NFTs.

In the Recommendations section of the paper I suggest some mitigations for those who want to persist in implementing NFTs, though they are not for the faint of heart – they initially require a test of whether the same experience can be delivered with already-existing technology due to the underlying problematic aspect of speculative cryptocurrencies that drive the NFT ecosystem.

There also needs to be a reasonable path to not implementing NFTs:

Developing a responsible, ethical approach to the project requires the flexibility to not engage in development of an NFT-based project should it become impossible to find a way to solve or mitigate the ethical responsibility. Reflection at too late a stage will likely lead to financial or momentum pressure on continuing with the project. Therefore, this should be an initial step and engage with a wide variety of stakeholders in order to ensure that pre-existing biases can be exposed and mitigated along the way.

I hope that you enjoy this paper, I really enjoyed writing it, and appreciate the reviews I received and the thoughtful discussion I had with colleagues along the way.

You can access the paper for free here: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2666659622000312

Citation: Flick, C. (2022) A critical professional ethical analysis of Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs), Journal of Responsible Technology, Volume 12, December 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrt.2022.100054

#NFTs #crypto #ethics #blockchain #cryptocurrency #publication

Follow this blog on the Fediverse: @cflick@blog.liedra.net Want to comment? Copy me in: @CatherineFlick@mastodon.me.uk

This is a record of my media appearances from 2021-2022 and before I started this blog.

2022

2022-11-27 Sunday Sequence, about crypto/FTX. BBC Radio Ulster, 1h17 in 2022-11-21 Twitter collapse, BBC Radio Leicester, Jack Rafferty 2022-11-26 Scientists' view on Twitter v Mastodon Swiss national radio, in German 2022-10-11 Should I join Mastodon? A scientists’ guide to Twitter’s rival Nature Magazine Chris Stokel-Walker 2022-10-11 Crypto/FTX crash Radio 5 Live, 2h21 in 2022-10-07 People are fleeing to Mastodon from Elon Musk’s Twitter, but is it ready for Prime Time? i news. Chris Stokel-Walker 2022-10-01 Twitter/Musk BBC Radio Leicester, 2h08 in 2022-09-24 LinkedIn Ran Social Experiments on 20 Million Users Over Five Years New York Times. Natasha Singer 2022-09-17 Crypto Speculation Falls Out of Favor With Game Studios Bloomberg. Emily Nicolle 2022-06-13 BBC News 24, on LaMDA AI bot “sentience” (8.45pm) 2022-06-13 BBC Radio Ulster, on LaMDA AI bot “sentience” 2022-07-06 Podcast “Ethics and Video Games” on Why video game companies need ethicists (also on Apple and Spotify) 2022-05-19 BBC Radio 5 Live for a whole hour (!) talking about Bitcoin and sports club NFTs/coins. 2022-11-05 BBC Radio 4, Today programme, on Elon Musk/twitter 2022-11-05 BBC Radio 5 Live, Wake up to Money, on Elon Musk/twitter 2022-10-05 Bitcoin BBC World Service, Business Matters, 26 mins in 2022-04-27 The problems with Elon Musk’s plan to open-source the Twitter algorithm MIT Tech Review, Chris Stokel-Walker 2022-04-26 Significant contributions to Climate Replay's Games Industry Guide to NFTs including a pledge for individuals/studios/publishers in games to not implement NFTs 2022-04-26 BBC Radio Leicester – Ben Jackson – on Elon Musk's purchase of Twitter (5:05pm) 2022-04-26 BBC Radio 5 Live “Wake up to Money” on Elon Musk's purchase of Twitter 2022-09-04 British Museum’s carbon splurge on ‘demeaning’ NFT scheme The Telegraph. Olivia Rudgard. 2022-01-04 NFTs in video games Doing our Bit podcast, IGDA Climate SIG 2022-02-04 Who Hurts Most in $600 Million Axie Heist? ‘Not the Venture Capitalists’ Bloomberg Kristine Servando, Emily Nicolle, and Jamille Tran 2022-03-31 An artist claims an Andrew Yang–backed NFT project screwed him over Input Magazine. Chris Stokel-Walker. 2022-03-25 The Edited Latecomer's Guide to Crypto – a collaborative annotation of the NYT article The Latecomer's Guide to Crypto by Kevin Roose, by 15 leading critics of crypto, led by Molly White. 2022-03-22: Want fries with that Ape? NFT restaurants are officially a trend. Input Magazine. Chris Stokel-Walker. 2022-03-20: Crypto isn't decentralised. It's actually run by a handful of big wigs exploiting low-paid workers, says long-time internet academic. Markets Insider. Natasha Dailey. 2022-02-22: An NFT Bubble Is Taking Over the Gig Economy, Wired UK. Chris Stokel-Walker. 2022-02-19: NFTs, Cryptocurrencies and Web3 Are Multilevel Marketing Schemes for a New Generation, Wall Street Journal. Christopher Mims. 2022-02-12: Andreessen's Dixon Spies Riches in Web3. Others See “Rubbish”, Bloomberg. Emily Nicolle. 2022-02-04: WWF's decision to fundraise via NFTs puts capitalism above conservation, The New Statesman. India Bourke. 2022-02-02: WWF UK faces backlash over 'destructive' plans to sell 'eco-friendly' NFTs, Sky News. Victoria Seabrook. 2022-01-24: Metaverse and Apple AirTags, BBC Radio Leicester, 08:30am, Jimmy Carpenter. 2022-01-20: Apple AirTags, BBC News 24, 12:30pm, Geeta Guru-Murthy.

2021

2021-11-03: Cryptocurrency scams, BBC Radio Leicester, Jimmy Carpenter 2021-11-02: Cryptocurrency scams, BBC Radio 5 Live 2021-10-14: Cryptocurrency not worthless enough? Coinbase launches NFT marketplace, Verdict UK. Eric Johansson. 2021-08-01: Bitcoin, BBC Radio Ulster “Sunday Sequence” 2021-06-02: NFTs, BBC Radio Leicester, Jimmy Carpenter 2021-05-28: Bitcoin, BBC Scotland “The Seven” (TV) 2021-05-21: The iMac revolutionised our world – and now it's back to do it again, The Telegraph. Stephen Armstrong. 2021-04-21: “Britcoin”, BBC Radio 5 Live, “Wake up to Money” (prerecorded) 2021-04-20: “Britcoin”, BBC Radio 5 Live, “Wake up to Money” 021-04-20: “Britcoin”, BBC Radio Leicester, Jimmy Carpenter 2021-02-17: Dogecoin, BBC Radio 5, “Wake up to Money” 2021-01-29: WhatsApp is adding eye, fingerprint, and face scanning – but says it won't have any access to biometric data, Business Insider. Isobel Asher Hamilton 2021-01-26: Bitcoin, BBC Radio Leicester, Jimmy Carpenter

#media #radio #tv #podcast #newspaper

Follow this blog on the Fediverse: @cflick@blog.liedra.net Want to comment? Copy me in: @CatherineFlick@mastodon.me.uk

I resurrected a blog that will basically track my media and publications because it is becoming a little tedious to faff about with editing raw HTML on my web page and have it degrade nicely when things get older. I'd like a record that will extend past readability on a single page, thanks!

Anyway, I thought it would be interesting to get into this whole Fediverse malarkey, so this blog also publishes to it; you can follow me @cflick@blog.liedra.net from your favourite Fediverse client (I use Mastodon, where you can follow me @CatherineFlick@mastodon.me.uk).

This isn't going to be particularly swish or anything, but I thought it might be a nice way to mess about with ActivityPub (and boy was getting this installed a palaver). I'll upload a few of my more recent papers here and put in a record of my media appearances until now as well.

Follow this blog on the Fediverse: @cflick@blog.liedra.net Want to comment? Copy me in: @CatherineFlick@mastodon.me.uk